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Traditional Iranian Music Instruments: A Harmonious Symphony

by iransmarts

The Sounds of Iran

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Introduction

Iran is a country with a rich and diverse musical heritage. Its music is influenced by a variety of cultures, including Persian, Arab, Turkish, and Indian. Traditional Iranian music is characterized by its use of complex rhythms, intricate melodies, and beautiful harmonies.

A Symphony of Traditional Instruments

The Santur

The santur is a hammered dulcimer that is one of the most iconic instruments in Iranian music. It has a trapezoidal shape and is played by striking the strings with two mallets. The santur is used in a wide variety of genres, from classical Persian music to folk music and pop music.

The Tar

The tar is a long-necked lute that is another important instrument in Iranian music. It has a pear-shaped body and is played with a plectrum. The tar is used in both solo and ensemble performances.

The Kamancheh

The kamancheh is a bowed string instrument that is similar to the violin. It has a distinctive sound that is often used to create a melancholic atmosphere. The kamancheh is used in both classical and folk music.

The Ney

The ney is a vertical flute that is one of the oldest musical instruments in the world. It is made from a single piece of bamboo and has a wide range of notes. The ney is used in both classical and folk music.

The Daf

The daf is a frame drum that is played with the hands. It is used in a variety of genres, from classical Persian music to folk music and dance music. The daf is a very versatile instrument that can be used to create a variety of different sounds.

The Tombak

The tombak is a goblet-shaped drum that is played with the hands. It is used in both classical and folk music. The tombak is a very rhythmic instrument that is used to provide the foundation for the other instruments in an ensemble.

The Zarb

The zarb is a large, double-headed drum that is played with a pair of sticks. It is used in both classical and folk music. The zarb is a very powerful instrument that can create a driving beat.

The Setar

The setar is a long-necked lute that is similar to the tar. It has a pear-shaped body and is played with a plectrum. The setar is used in both solo and ensemble performances.

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Persian musical instruments or Iranian musical instruments can be broadly classified into three categories classical Western and folk Most of Persian musical instruments spread in the former Persian Empires states all over the Middle East Caucasus Central Asia and through adaptation relations and trade in Europe and far regions of Asia It has a special place in the traditional Persian orchestra and in motrebi or music for entertainment 4 Daf Our next Persian instrument is the Daf a frame drum that has a diverse rich history It existed in the preIslamic ages and some artifacts even show that it goes back to before the birth of Christe Persian traditional music or Iranian traditional music also known as Persian classical music or Iranian classical music 1 2 3 refers to the classical music

of Iran also known as Persia It consists of characteristics developed through the country39s classical medieval and contemporary eras It also influenced areas and regions The Radif of Iranian music is the traditional repertoire of the classical music of Iran that forms the essence of Persian musical culture More than 250 melodic units called gushe are arranged into cycles with an underlying modal layer providing the backdrop against which a variety of melodic motifs are set Although the main performance The history of musical development in Iran dates back thousands of years Archaeological records attributed to quotpreIranianquot civilizations such as those of The following instruments are among the most iconic of Iranian traditional music The Ney is an endblown flute that is 5000 years

old thus the oldest musical instrument still in use Persian neys have six holes and one thumb hole Ney Iranian traditional music instrument Shahrouz Esmaeili TasteIranTanbur or Tambur is one of the oldest Iranian musical instruments used in Persian folk and traditional music It falls under string instruments like Oud Introduction Iran is a vast multiethnic and multilingual state with rich and diverse musical traditions What is often called Persian music refers to the canonical repertoire that is also known as classical sonnati traditional asil authentic honari art Ężelmi learned or dastgahi dastgah is the name given to principal divisions of the modal system and is associated with


The traditional instruments of Iran are a beautiful and diverse collection of sounds that have been enjoyed for centuries. These instruments are used to create a wide variety of music, from classical Persian music to folk music and pop music. They are a part of the rich cultural heritage of Iran and are enjoyed by people all over the world.

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